upsc mains 202 essay

UPSC Mains 2021-2022 Essay Paper: 4D Analysis & Discussion

The Essay paper of UPSC Mains 2021 conducted in January 2022 was as predicted and unsurprising- even though it has left many aspirants perplexed about ‘Philosophical’ Essays. The essay topics in the paper were undoubtedly abstract as can be expected from Essay topics but they were not Philosophical which is to say that no Philosophy was at the center of the debates enclosed in the topics.

There was instead a rich-interplay of Psychology, Technology and general awareness. The topics were centered around burning issues and debates which are ongoing in the public discourse such as the effects of technology, creativity, materialism etc.

This lesson is a detailed analysis of the questions asked in the UPSC Mains 2021 Essay paper along with a 4D analysis – Deconstruction, Demonstration, Discussions and Demystification.

UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Topic 1:

The process of self-discovery has now been technologically outsourced.

Thing 1: Self-Discovery

Thing 2: Technology

Heart of the Essay topic and Central themes:

The process of Self-discovery encompasses a life-long evolution for humans as they discover both, their environment and themselves through the journey of life.

Partly biological but mostly social, this process involves the formation of basic self-identity from childhood where caregivers and the inner social group shapes the personality of the child, and onwards through adolescence when the peer group becomes the dominant agency for self-discovery. The coming of age of children is a monumental transition into adult life- one which is invariably a deeply social process. While biologically, It might take 2 people to make a human being, It takes a tribe or a family to raise them. No one can come of age in isolation.

Technology has fundamentally altered this ancient and most sacred of processes. With smart phones and zoom calls, children no longer discover themselves through play but through video-games. We live in a world where social media posts remind us about the birthdays of our own loved ones- all in the midst of a veritable storm of click-bait. Children now discover how much their peers think they are worth by the number of likes, instead of fist-bumps and high-fives. Big Data, AI and the technological wizardry in our pockets and wrists now bombard us with more data about our own selves than we know what to do with….

How is self-discovery changing because of technology? Is it leading to desired outcomes? If not, then what can be done to achieve a synthesis? etc are some themes an aspirant would do well to address in this Essay topic.

UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Topic 2:

Your perception of me is a reflection of you; my reaction to you is an awareness of me.

Thing 1: Perception of self

Thing 2: Perception of others

Heart of the Essay topic:

Art is in the eye of the beholder might be an understatement for the eyes of the beholder. It seems like our very selves exist only in the eyes of the beholder in as much our perceptions are subjective and personal. When we see ourselves, we see what we want to see. When we see others, we see mostly ourselves projected on to their personas. Thus we never really see the other person objectively.

Our perceptions of ourselves and of others are colored by our expectations. This distortion is the root of stereotyping, xenophobia and all social malice. Much evil has been perpetrated because of our blindness to this subtle force pulling the strings from behind our eyes- genocide, ethnic cleansing and riots are all different faces of projecting hate onto the ‘others’.

But the process is not all evil. Humans have a need to form social bonds and as a result, in-groups. This is the source of our sense of security and belongingness. It is also the root of empathy and of love.

The caveat is that during the course of doing so, it is easy to forget that the distinctions we impose on people are a matter of our own convenience and are not a truth ordained by nature. A contagious virus, for instance does not distinguish between communities or casts. Covid-19 is a brutal reminder of the artificiality of our socially constructed world.

Self-awareness about this subtle psychic process is called meta-cognition. The ability to observe impartially and to watch ones stream of thoughts passing by without acting on them is the seat of all power, all equanimity. But to catch the mind while it is up to it’s trickery is tricky business and reserved for only the most keenly aware among us.

This is the ultimate education for the more self-aware we are ,the more of ourselves we control and the better we can choose to be.

Other themes which might find mention in this topic of UPSC Mains 2021 are- mindfulness, psychology, development etc

UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Topic 3

Philosophy of wantlessness is Utopian, while materialism is a chimera.

Thing 1: Wantlessness

Thing 2: Materialism

Heart of the topic:

What is the best way to live life? To desire or not to desire-that is the question. This debate highlights our unending struggle between the desire which compels us forward and the inevitable misery it brings when we follow its lead. The Buddha said that desire is the root of all suffering and he was presumably correct. As a matter of experience- there is no lasting peace to be found in modern life which is rife with desire and consumable pleasures. The solution? To quell desire and to root it out. To be happy, become wantless.

But is this antidote a cure? Does not the meditating monk want enlightenment? How else would years of practice and training be justified? We are a species driven to explore the cosmos and to look beyond the big bang- the very moment of creation. We are driven to become millionaires, powerful bureaucrats and to have it all in our fleeting and short lives. More importantly, is it even possible given the evolutionary heritage of humans as the most curious and insatiable of creatures.

wantlessness is utopian materialism is chimera upsc 2021 mains essay

This is not to suggest that desire should be allowed to hold our reigns unfettered. For it will surely drive us into hedonism and self-destruction. Research shows that happiness is not derived from material possessions as much as it is from healthy social relationships. Cars and clothes do not translate to happiness- an appreciative compliment from a friend, does. And therefore materialism turns out to be as empty and vacuous as it’s twin- wantlessness.

Does does equal suffering. It brings with it the aches and pains of growth. In as much as we are purpose-driven, we are driven by desire. In as much as we stop pushing towards a purpose, we cease to exist. To give up desire is to give up purpose and that might not be cost worth paying.

The debate is the fine line between desire and progress and how to balance the two. Some other themes which can be inserted are socialism vs capitalism, consumerism, minimalism etc.

Essay Topic 4:

The real is rational and the rational is real.

Thing 1:Reality

Thing 2: Rationality

Heart of the topic:

Reality is the most slippery of concepts because it defies definition. Even if the mind can comprehend it, language can never adequately capture it. The Jains were keenly aware of this and correctly called their idea of reality- Anekantavad– meaning literally, the multi faceted. To a physicist, reality is composed of particles which combine according to laws of nature to give rise to the world we live in and indeed, us. While to an idealist, reality is non-material and composed of ideas/concepts. For a dualist, reality lies in the realm of both matter and mind.

If reality is what is experienced by the human mind/brain, then is the reality of a giraffe different from ours? If it is, are there multiple realities- perhaps as many as there are minds? Is reality subject to perception by a conscious mind or is it independent of minds altogether? The mystery of what reality is runs rampant.

upsc essay 2021 the real is rational

What is clear in as much as there are minds, is that intelligence is based on rationality. Rationality is a subset of logic which minds use to navigate the world. We speak of ‘rational decision-making’ to imply decisions taken based on data, objectivity and calculations.

But is reality rational? What can be said about the rationality of nature is that it certainly uses logic in it’s designs. Logical and rational laws determine the movement of planets, the structure of DNA and most things on our scale of the universe. But things take a different flavor at the scale of the sub-atomic where rationality seems to dissipate as particles pop into existence out of the quantum foam of zero space and disappear into what, we know not.

The relationship of rationality and reality is hidden behind a veil looking beyond which seems forbidden.

If nature at it’s most fundamental level can be lax about rationality, then surely humans can expect themselves to be less than rational as well. This is in conformity with research from Behavioral Economics which is essentially the study of human irrationality. One need not refer to research to note the abject irrationality of humans as they exploit the Earth towards a point of no-return as climate change crosses a critical threshold. For a species which lives to reproduce, how paradoxical it is to witness us destroying the world for our own children.

And yet we are on the cusp of creating a truly rational intelligent synthetic life-form as Artificial Intelligence gets smarter by the day. If truly rational intelligence minds can be created by irrational creatures like us, is it so hard to allow for the possibility that an irrational universe could have created us in much the same way?

Perhaps reality is not yet rational but wants to be. Would love- the most irrational of forces exist in such a universe?

Other themes which may be discussed- Artificial Intelligence, human emotions, empathy and altruism as irrational but fundamental forces.

Essay topic 5:

Hand that rocks the cradle rules the world.

Thing1: Hand that rocks the cradle (Nurturance)

Thing 2: The world

Heart of the Essay topic:

None of us would exist without our mothers. Nor would we be us had our cradles not been rocked by gentle, loving hands. The maternal and feminine is the first force we come in contact with upon birth. It is the bedrock upon which children explore their worlds and become fully functioning adults.

But to what extent is the force dominant in today’s world where women, on average are paid less than men for the same jobs. Men hold disproportionate wealth, opportunity and power today in most societies of the world. It was unthinkable for women to have the right to vote or to educate themselves until a few centuries ago. The world appears to rule over the hand that rocks the cradle instead of the other way round.

upsc mains 2021 essay topic hand that rocks the cradle

The maternal and feminine is however, not a human phenomenon but a universal one. We depend on the nurturance of mother nature as much as as child depends on the mother for its survival. Without her, we would cease to exist. The feminine force of nature is a force of love, compassion, care and creation. While we traverse the landscape, we often forget and take for granted the role of our parents in our lives just as we have forgotten how beholden we are to mother nature’s benevolence.

We might have forgotten about the hand of mother nature like mislead children but would do well to realize the debt we owe to the feminine force which truly rules the world.

Themes: Feminism, Compassion, Nurturance, Nature, Environment, Gender-equality etc.

UPSC Mains 2021 Essay Topic 6:

What is research but a blind date with knowledge

Thing 1: Research

Thing 2: Knowledge

Heart of the topic:

Knowledge may be acquired through intuition and bursts of insight or through careful deliberation. Research is one among many methods to acquire knowledge. Research involves the scientific method- the core values of which are objectivity, reason and verification. It is the process of accumulating information and testing out ideas/hypothesis to see if they survive scrutiny and drawing conclusions based only on rational evidence.

A fundamental tenet of research is to go where the evidence leads. And in as much it is a method to reach knowledge, it can sometimes take surprising twists and turns. Once an hypothesis is opened to research, it can lead the researcher anywhere. The history of science is replete with lucky detours leading to astounding discoveries- the discovery of Penicillin, DNA and Jupiter, to name a few.

upsc mains 2021 essay research is blind date with knowledge

Research is not the only thing on a blind date. Our fleeting human lives are on a blind date with destiny where infinite stories unfold in every moment. This is because of the inherent unpredictability of the universe. Research just mirrors this fundamental uncertainty.

Most research opens more questions than it answers. This makes science hard and unpredictable. It also makes it uncomfortable because research can lead to some discomforting revelations. Ever since Galileo discovered that the Earth was not the center of the universe, there has been wave after wave of humbling news for humanity. Not only we are not at the center of the universe but exist on a pale blue dot near a humdrum star, orbiting with millions of other worlds in a galaxy like billions of other galaxies. But why go to the farthest reaches of the cosmos when discomforting truths are found close to home- a recent case in point is the UNFCC report on Climate change which warns of impending disaster if global warming is not curtailed and predicts dire consequences for humanity’s inaction.

Who would have thought a few centuries ago that humans will walk the moon? or split the atom? or defeat an invisible disease by manipulating the virus’ molecular structure? The world which science has revealed to us is far more beautiful, mysterious amazing and mind-blowing than we could ever have imagined.

Research is on a blind date with truth because truth truly is stranger than fiction.

Essay topic 7:

History repeats itself, first as a tragedy, then as a farce

Natural disasters and calamities are the result of forces much larger than human beings and we hold little power to prevent them from occurring.

The difference between a devastating tsunami and a devastating war is that we, alone are responsible for the latter. An Earthquake or a tsunami can come without warning and may repeatedly occur but our human response and preparedness to these natural events is not set in stone.

But if we know this to be the case then why is history littered with wars and tragedies? Is history then a chronology of events or a repository of human mistakes?

upsc mains 2021 history repeats itself

The latter offers a more interesting prospect because with a list of mistakes passed on from generation to generation, humans can learn from them. And to some extent we have.

History repeating itself from World War I in World War II was a tragedy-an unfortunate and regrettable turn of events. Thankfully the farce has not yet occurred in the several decades after the tragic war as the United Nations has kept World War III at bay. This is not say that it will never occur. If it does, it might be the final farce humanity will witness.

And yet we find ourselves poised to create the greatest farce the world has ever seen as we fail to arrest global warming within sustainable levels pushing not only ourselves, but thousands of other species, to their doom.

Essay topic 8:

There are better practices, to best practices

Assignment:

  • Deconstruct the above Essay topic from UPSC Mains 2021 into Thing 1 and Thing2
  • Try to drill down to the heart of the essay topic and identify key debates
  • Write a micro-essay in less than 300 words

-Ravi Kapoor IRS

The Ultimate Cheatbook of Essay & Answer-writing

15 thoughts on “UPSC Mains 2021-2022 Essay Paper: 4D Analysis & Discussion”

  1. Essay topic: There are better practices to best practices.

    Deconstructing method :

    Thing 1: Best practices
    Thing 2: Better practice

    Heart of the topic :

    Best practices are the procedures that are widely accepted and treated as superior as they give optimal results for situations or problems faced by people worldwide. In the process of evolution, challenges thrown by the nature, the inevitable dynamic nature of the world and the evolving technology and its effects makes the best practices to no longer be apprised.

    The adaptive nature of the living beings to the new environment and new challenges, makes them to find new and better ways for survival which is absolutely necessary. Further, the competitive world with advanced technologies ignites the urge of the people to stand out from the rest of the world by using their cognitive ability, they come up with innovative ideas breaking the regular standard methods which evolve as better practices to the existing best practices.

    Practices which appear to be best in the past are now considered to be inefficient and practices which are now considered best may become obsolete in future. They may get replaced with better ways in future and these keep changing with time.

    Best practices are evolved as a result of thorough research and are proved to be efficient in tackling difficult situations which are faced by our ancestors. It is good to follow their ideas for the experiences they had gone through at severe pandemic times. But they should not hinder creativity and innovation of humans where there is scope of improvement with better practices and make them sustainable in long run.

    Materialism may appear to be best practice as it gives comfort with lavish lifestyle but following minimalism as better practice gives happiness and peace.

    Our Government coming up with polices is a best practice but for instance, making sure to reach them to vulnerable sections by strengthening the local governments and improving service delivery mechanism would be a better practice.

    For example, making stringent laws, convicting and punishing the accused for their crimes like rape, murder etc; are best practices followed but counselling the accused to realise their mistakes and see not to repeat them, rehabilitating them, friendly policing are some of the better practices.

    One more example, Now a days Schools started online education platform to children is a best practice but improving standards of education with creativity, critical thinking and moral values are better practices.

    During this pandemic situations, Improving medical and hospitalisation facilities for unhealthy are best practices but bringing awareness among people about symptoms and follow the safety measures and to build resistive power with healthy diet and to maintain hygienic surroundings and providing moral support to patients to defeat the disease are better practices.

    In my opinion, best practices evolved to be best as they survived test and time but may not suit for all the challenges for time being. We need new innovative ideas for continuous improvement and creativity targeting better practices to overcome situations and envisage best results for the desired futures.

  2. Essay topic: There are better practices to best
    practices.
    Deconstruction :
    Thing 1: Best practices
    Thing 2: Better practices
    Heart of the topic :
    Best practices are methods or procedures that are widely accepted and treated as superior to any other alternatives as they gave optimal results in a given situation or problems faced by mankind. But in the process of evolution, challenges thrown by the nature, the inevitable dynamic nature of the world and the evolving technology and its effects makes the best practices to no longer be sacrosanct.
    The adaptive nature of the living beings to the new environment and new challenges, makes them to find new and better ways for survival which is absolutely necessary. Further, the competitive world with advanced technologies ignites the urge of the people to stand out from the rest of the world and so with their cognitive ability they come up with innovative ways breaking the regular standard procedures which evolve as better practices to the existing best practices.
    Best practices are evolved as a result of thorough research and are proved to be efficient in tackling difficult situations which are experienced by earlier generations. It is good to follow them to avoid threat to ourselves and to the society. But they should not hinder creativity and innovation of humans where there is scope of improvement with better practices and make them sustainable in long run.
    Practices which appear to be best in the past are now considered to be inefficient and practices which are now considered best may become obsolete in future. They may get replaced with better ways in future and these keep changing with time.
    Materialism may appear to be best practice as it gives comfort with lavish lifestyle but following minimalism as better practice gives happiness and peace.
    Government coming up with best polices is a best practice but make sure to reach them to vulnerable sections by strengthening the local governments and improving service delivery mechanism would be a better practice.
    Making stringent laws, convicting and punishing the accused are best practices but counselling the accused to realise their mistakes and see not to repeat them, rehabilitation, friendly policing are some of the better practices. Example : Police with the help of local people and organisations conducting games like volleyball for the youth to avoid them engaging in cockfights and gambling.
    Providing online education with sophisticated equipment to children is a best practice but improving standards of education with creativity, critical thinking and moral values are better practices.
    Improving health infrastructure, medical and hospitalisation facilities for unhealthy are best practices but bringing awareness among people to prevent diseases with dietary and life style changes, hygienic surroundings and providing moral support to patients to defeat the disease are better practices.
    Consensus, framework, COP’s on climate change, conservation of nature are best practices but implementing the designed strategies and monitoring them are better practices. For example, recently Tamilnadu government has set up first ever SPV (Special purpose vehicle) mission which includes planning, execution and monitoring it’s statewide nature conservation programs for climate change adaptation and mitigation.
    Art restorers usually use chemical agents, recent laser techniques to remove dirt, oil, glue or pollutants from the monuments, stone works and paintings which can be considered as best practices but researchers used grime eating bacteria like Desulfovibrio vulgaris to clean marble monuments and recognising role of microorganisms in protecting artistic heritage is a better practice.
    Best practices evolved to be best as they survived test and time but may not suit with the changing time and challenges. And so, we should provide room for continuous improvement and creativity targeting better practices and envisage best results for the desired future.

  3. People say “practice makes a man perfect”how far is that true??
    Will the same practice gives us the solutions to the oncoming problems,the answer is very complex.Current best practices may not actually solve our oncoming problems,but they will enable us to think in the path of solving the coming problems.
    Our constitution is a best example for this,it is written by the best minds of the day,precisely written document including all the positivity from constitutions of many countries,but still it is subjected to change with the time, coming to education
    Till the time we were hit by the pandemic,we thought that physical mode of teaching is the best practice,but now the things changed and we are not able to teach physically. Now,the online teaching with graphics and animated pictures is also showing great results in improving concept clarity in the young minds.Since
    “Necessity is the mother of invention”When the time comes we should definitely go for adopting better practices than the better practices which are offered on the day.

  4. Thing 1: Better Practices
    Thing 2: Best Practices

    “Practice makes a man perfect” is a very commonly used phrase we encounter in our lives when we are attempting to try or learn something new. However, the question lies as to how to differentiate between better and best practices. we could say that best practices are those which are universally defined or followed, it’s accepted as the “right” way of doing something. whereas, better practices are not acknowledged as the “best” ones only because those are not mainstream. Although, we would never know the difference between them until we have experienced or taken in consideration both of the practices. For some humans the idea of “best” practices might work and for some they won’t. The capability of every human differs from each other. The idea of better practices might work for a few too, however, it is most advisable to change or alter these practices to ideas we think might work the best for us. Exploring, researching and analyzing ourselves is a very important process as human beings. This will help us to know more about ourselves and will help us figure out our positives and drawbacks. To achieve the best we indeed should practice the best but it does not necessarily mean that we just follow the crowd and lose the sense of ourselves and our needs. Altering the prescribed “best” practices to cater our own needs and our capabilities is something that we should do to achieve the best. We can also make the “best” of our “better” practices and that is how we can master anything we want. If we keep working on our better practices it would one day become the best practice for us. However, the main idea of this is to keep working hard and keep pushing ourselves to our fullest potential and that is how you can become the best.

  5. “There are better Practices to best practices”
    Thing 1: Better practices
    Thing2: Best Practices
    Eventually the growth of a human is from better practices. One’s initial life is getting better with best practices since childhood. Different aspects of life teach us to lead both better and best practices in various situations. One must know to handle according to perceptions of situations.
    We all follow random habits simultaneously, leading our life in a better way. We must consider being at better practices to lead it smoothly. Better choices makes better aspects to follow. Better practices not only give temporary satisfaction but also, permanent relaxations. Importantly we must also consider the society. The place of living gives us choice, whether to take better practices or best practices.
    Best practices are considered to necessity sometimes for enhancement. These practices are like pre-defined libraries introduced for efficient working of humans. Even here, the society i.e, the geographical concern is necessary to choose best or the better practice for a livelihood. Consider for example a law or rule which strictly followed in other countries, might be a daily practice in India by the people. As so, geography also plays a vital role in selection of practices to be followed.
    Last, but not least, we tend to follow better practices to lead a best life and best practices to lead a better life.

  6. Thing 1- Better practices
    Thing 2- Best practices

    A best practice method is that, which is generally accepted and is most safe as well as efficient.
    A Better practices is that having a some sought of satisfaction but is also having drawbacks, which has to be improvised by several modifications and trials.
    For example-
    1.Classroom teaching
    In this method, things had been thought and there were no gadgets or any media which is easily conveying the information.
    But now because of the advanced technology classroom teaching became more efficient and effortless.
    2. Banking
    Again because of the technology, banking had become easier and time saving.
    Which is also because of better trial and errors, resulting in best practices.

    Thus we can say best practice is the result of several better practices and some emplifications of smarter ideas.

  7. THERE ARE BETTER PRACTICES TO “BEST PRACTICES”.

    A BEST PRACTICE IS A METHOD THAT HAS BEEN GENERALLY ACCEPTED AS SUPERIOR TO ANY ALTERNATIVES. BEST PRACTICES ARE IDEAL , MOST EFFICIENT,SAFE AND EFFECTIVE METHOD TO DO SOME TASK.AS NO PERSON IS PERFECT,LIKEWISE NO PRACTICE IS PERFECT.EVERY PRACTICE HAS SOME DRAWBACKS.IT IS POSIIBLE TO IMPROVE IT AND MAKE IT BETTER OR TO REPLACE THE EXISTING PRACTICES WITH BETTER PRACTICES. THEREFORE IT IS SAID THAT THERE ARE BETTER PRACTICES TO THE BEST PRACTICES.
    EVEN THE BEST PRACTICES KEP ON EVOLVING . WHAT WERE BEST PRACTICES IN PAST ARE NO CONSIDERED OUTDATED AND INEFFICIENT HAT ARE NO CONSIDERED THE BEST PRACTICES ILL BE OBSOLETE AND INEFFICIENT IN FUTURE. THEY WILL BE REPLACED BY BETTER PRACTICES .

    NOW WE HAVE FACED A PANDEMIC INFRONT OF US DURING THESE DAYS , BUT IT WAS ALSO CAME BEFORE THE PAST CENTURY .SO MANY BEST PRACTICES ARE DID BY OUR ANCESTORS AT THAT PERIOD OF TIME, LIKE ESPECIALLY THE QUARENTINE AND MAINLY SELF ISOLATION OF INDIVIDUALS TO STOP THE WIDESPREAD .AND THEY ALSO TOOK THE PRACTICE OF STOPPING TRANSPORATATIONS AND COMMUNICATIONS WHICH WILL LEAD THE WIDESPREAD.NOW WE ARE USING THOSE PRACTICES EVEN BETTER TO STOP THE VIRUS SPREAD AND ALSO THERE ARE EVEN BETTER PRACTICES LIKE VACCINES FOR VIRUS,WHICH AS GREATLY YIELDED GOOD RESULTS. SO MANY WERE RESCUED BY THESE PRACTICES.EVEN AFTER THE NEXT CENTURY IF THERE IS A PANDEMIC LIKE THIS OUR EVEN BETTER PRACTICES WERE BECOME MORE THAN BEST PRACTICES.
    WORLD IS ALWAYS CHANGING TO ADAPT THE ATMOSPHERES OF NEW CHANGES. SO THERE ARE ALWAYS THERE BETTER PRACTICES FOR BEST PRACTICES.

    • THING 1: BEST PRACTICES
      THING2:BEST PRACTICES
      HEART OF THE TOPIC: THERE ARE ALWAYS BETTER PRACTICES TO BEST PRACTICES, WE EVEN KNOW WHAT IS BEST BUT THERE IS ALWAYS A CHANCE FOR EVEN MORE BETTER PRACTICES.
      MY DEBATE IS OUR ANCIENTS HAS MUCH MORE KNOWLEDGE THAN OURS , EVEN THIS PERIOD OF TIME WE DIDNT KNOW HOW PROFOUND ARE OUR ANCIENT MEDICAL PRACTICES.BUT WE THOUGHT OURS AS BEST, BUT THERE IS ALWAYS THE BEST, WE ARE ALWAYS TRY TO BE BETTER, ARE WE REALLY BETTER THAN ANCIENTS ON THE TOPIC OF RELEVANCE OF MEDICINE THAT I MENTIONED ABOVE IN THE EASSATY TOPIC?

  8. Q.1
    THINGS1=SELF-DISCOVERY
    THINGS=TECHNOLOGY
    Q. 2
    A. THINGS 1 =PERCEPTION OF ME
    THINGS 2 = AWARNESS OF ME
    Q.3
    A . THINGS 1 = WANTLESSNESS
    THINGS 2 = MATERIALISM
    Q. 4
    A . THINGS 1 = REALITY
    THINGS 2 = RATIONALITY
    Q.5
    A. THINGS 1 = HAND THAT ROCK
    THINGS 2 = THE WORLD
    Q.6
    A. THINGS 1 = RESEARCH
    THINGS 2 = KNOWLEDGE

    Q.7
    A. THINGS 1 = HISTROY REPEAT
    THINGS 2 = FARCE
    Q.8
    A. THINGS 1 = BETTER PRACTICES
    THINGS 2 = BEST

    • The change of time period discovered many things .such as change in habit ,living sense etc.
      not in a life of human beings but also in life of other living beings .
      But one thing is not changed and should not the discovery of self because without that a human cannot exist . Even this world not
      Changing is a part of society or world .It is not for human only but for other too .
      In field of many and with many aspects there should be a change .
      But earlier , the discovery of human being is fast the revolution occurs in the field of technology as compared to now.
      Bcz at some point we become addictive to it, ofcourse it is the best thing changes a life of one and can change many life of others .
      But use in direction matters of technology even it can change and lead to self -discovery also .

  9. There are better practices to best practices

    Thing 1: Better Practices – Adaptive
    Thing 2: Best Practices – Conventional

    Best practices refer to a set of practices that are effective and produce excellent results. Best is a superlative degree while better resonates with improvement. No matter what the best practices are, there’s going to be better ones as we evolve.

    A Greek philosopher Heraclitus once said, ” Change is the only constant in life.” From studying in Gurukul to studying in the comfort of one’s home, we have come a long way. Technological advancements have enabled students to interact with peers across the globe and learn new things at their own pace. Earlier, companies solely focused upon improving the efficiency of machines to increase profits. However, these days, the focus also lies upon the well being of employees. Recent studies show that a sense of belonging and fulfillment in an individual impacts his productivity, thereby increasing the efficiency of organization as a whole. From monarchial rule to democratic government, we are still evolving to include better practices towards an effective government.

    Practices that seem best at a particular time may not be a good solution later on. Humans are ever evolving and so are the practices. In the words of Charles Darwin, ” It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the intelligent, it is the one most adaptable to change.”

    Spoorthi S Shetty

  10. SECTION A
    Q.1.
    A. THINGS 1 = SELF DISCOVERY
    THINGS 2= TECHNOLOGY
    SELF DISCOVERY, MEAN THAT DISCOVERY FROM INSDIE THAT WHAT YOU ARE IN REAL LIFE . WHAT YOU WANT DO IN WANT IN LIFE , YOU JUST LISTEN YOUR SELF FROM INSIDE YOUR CORE AND GET WHAT YOU WANT IN YOUR LIFE . BUT MORE IMPORTANT YOU SHOULD DEVELOP YOUR SELF CONFIDENCE THAT YOU BECOME INDEPENDENT IN YOUR LIFE AND LOVE YOUR SELF TO BE YOU ARE DICOVER YOUR SELF.
    TECHNOLOGY, WAS YOUR BEST FRIEND NOW DAYS IT WILL HELP YOU TO ACHEIVE IN YOUR LIFE TO HELP IN SELF DICOVERY . TECHNOLOGY HAS ALLOWED TO PEOPLE TO CONNECT WITH EACH OTHER ALL OVER THE WORLD “FROM DEKSTOP TO iPHONES” .
    USE OF TECHONOLOGY :- WE CAN TEXT TO OTHER , BY MESSAGING THROUGH E-MAIL
    LEARN HOW TO COOK
    WHAT SUBJECT WE STUDY
    LEARN HOW TO USE MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS ETC.
    JUST 20 YEARS AGO , PERSONEEL COMPUTER BECOME SMALLAND AFFORDABLE FOR FAMILIES TO BUY AT HOME.
    Q. 2
    A. THINGS 1 =PERCEPTION OF ME
    THINGS 2 = AWARNESS OF ME
    Q.3
    A . THINGS 1 = WANTLESSNESS
    THINGS 2 = MATERIALISM
    Q. 4
    A . THINGS 1 = REALITY
    THINGS 2 = RATIONALITY
    Q.5
    A. THINGS 1 = HAND THAT ROCK
    THINGS 2 = THE WORLD
    Q.6
    A. THINGS 1 = RESEARCH
    THINGS 2 = KNOWLDGE

    Q.7
    A. THINGS 1 = HISTROY REPEAT
    THINGS 2 = FARCE
    Q.8
    A. THINGS 1 = BETTER PRACTICES
    THINGS 2 = BEST

  11. There are better practices, to best practices
    Thing 1: Futuristic
    Thing 2: Status quo
    Heart of the topic:
    Being futuristic is the most important component in today’s world. Even if someone has given some conclusion on any topic, one must not accept it as status quo or the ultimate truth. When a set of practices is accepted as best practices it often leads to restricting future exploration of that practice. For instance, posting letter was considered to be best way to communicate until telephone was discovered. Just like the way how telephone change the idea of best practice similarly today emails and video calls has taken the place of telephones in the field of best practices for communication.
    Change is the law of nature and everything remains best until something better is introduced. Moreover, the idea of best practice is very personal head changes birth person to person and from time to time. For instance, engine is am the best way to attain liberationist through salvation. But in Buddhism, following middle path is considered to be the best way to attain liberation. Therefore, the idea of best practice itself is dynamic in nature.
    The constitution mentions development of scientific temper as one of the fundamental duty of every citizen. This reflects that one must always be open to research and adapt to better ways of accomplishing any objective. Only with optimistic and futuristic mindset, one can explore future possibilities.
    Does it mean that there should not be any best practices? Will that not lead to developing a sense of indiscipline in society? Will that not make everything absurd? Yes. There are some areas like national security, armed forces, intelligence wing etc new where set of practices are considered as best practices that must be followed. This is to ensure certain level of discipline in there working which is very essential. But, this must not be considered as sacrosanct. There is always some flexibility in order to adapt to better practices that may evolve in future.
    The only best practice are the practices that makes provision to get itself with time, just like Indian constitution.
    Other themes: inquisitiveness, theory of evolution of Darwin, scientific temper, growth as a lifelong process, discipline versus flexibility.

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